CB Knowles v. Iowa - minimum risk (comparatively), and no...

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Knowles v. Iowa 525 U.S. 113 (1998) Fact: Procedural Facts: Trial Court did not suppress the evidence. Iowa Supreme court affirmed it. US Supreme court Operative Facts: Knowles was speeding 43 mph on a 25 mph zone. Police officer issued him a citation, and searched the car. He found a bag of marijuana and a “pot pipe.” Issue: Broad Question: Does the arrest-power rule apply when police officers give a citation? Narrow Question: Rule: The exception to the warrant and 4 th amendment clause (arrest-power rule) applies when Officers needs to disarm the suspect in order to take him into custody, and the need to preserve evidence for later use at trial Rational: When an officer issues a citation, they are generally a very brief encounter, with
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Unformatted text preview: minimum risk (comparatively), and no extra evidence will be necessary to prosecute them. There are other independent bases to search for weapons and protect themselves from danger. Holding: The Supreme courts ruled that the arrest-power rule does not apply to officers when they stop cars to give citations. The risk is minimum compared to arresting, where there are a higher percent of stress and uncertainty. The officer may also perform other searches, such as ordering them out of the vehicle and perform a patdown of a driver and any passengers upon reasonable suspicion. Synthesis: Dissent/Concurrences:...
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