Illinois v. Gates 462 U.S. 213 (1983) Fact: Procedural Facts: Illinois Trail Court, Illinois Supreme Court, US Supreme Court Operative Facts: Lance and Susan Gates, indicted for violation of state drug laws after police officers executing a search warrant, found drugs, in their automobile and home. Started when Police Department received by mail an anonymous handwritten letter. Hand written letter had a list of events that was scheduled by the Gates, including dates for drug pick up, estimate of drug value in both car and basement, and patterns that the Gates use to travel. Warrant was issued, but Courts were undecided due to the test set out by Spinelli two prong test. Issue: Broad Question: Narrow Question: Is the court’s requirements from the Spinelli case to issue a warrant unreasonably difficult and ineffective? Holding: Yes, Courts requirements looking at the individual slice of evidence is unreasonable. Rule:
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Supreme Court of the United States, Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, prong test