17b+R+cost.McSweeny

17b+R+cost.McSweeny - Response Cost Definition: Removal...

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Response Cost Definition: Removal (loss) of a specific reinforcer contingent on the occurrence of R, which produces a decrease in the frequency of R Effects of Response Cost: Similar to punishment (rapid response suppression) Terminological and Procedural Distinctions: Response cost synonyms: Fine, negative punishment Extinction: Termination of a reinforcement contingency Time out: Removal of access to reinforcement Response effort: Energy expenditure of a given response Procedural Variations: Source of removed reinforcement (earned vs. noncongingent) Cost alone vs. cost plus gain (Sr+) Cost parameters: Magnitude, schedule, temporary vs. permanent loss Other Considerations: More efficient than time out Usually less objectionable than positive punishment Impractical when client has limited supply of reinforcers Potential negative side effects McSweeny (1978) “Effects of response cost on the behavior of a million persons: Charging for directory assistance in Cincinnati” General focus:
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17b+R+cost.McSweeny - Response Cost Definition: Removal...

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