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Unformatted text preview: CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Chapter 4 Chemical Equations
Depict the kind of reactants and
products and their relative amounts
in a reaction.
4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g) ---> 2 Al 2O3 (s)
The numbers in the front are called stoichiometric coefficients
The letters (s), (g), and (l) are the
physical states of compounds.
Reactants: Zn + I2 Product: Zn I2 Chemical Equations
• Because the same
atoms are present in a
reaction at the
beginning and at the
end, the amount of
matter in a system
does not change.
• The Law of the
Conservation of Matter Chemical Equations
4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g)
---> 2 Al2O3(s)
This equation means
4 Al atoms + 3 O 2 molecules
2 molecules of Al 2O3
4 moles of Al + 3 moles of O 2
2 moles of Al2O3
moles Chemical Equations
Because of the principle of the
conservation of matter ,
an must be Balancing
___ Al(s) + ___ Br 2(liq) ---> ___ Al 2Br6 (s) balanced.
It must have the same
number of atoms of the
same kind on both sides.
Lavoisier, 1788 Balancing
____C3H8(g) + _____ O 2(g) ---->
_____CO2(g) + _____ H 2O(g) ____B4H10(g) + _____ O 2(g) ---->
___ B2O3(g) + _____ H 2O(g) ...
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