Exam 2 - Whereistheabandoningpredominantlyhappening?

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Where is the abandoning predominantly happening? China (villages and countryside) Southeast Asia Population indicators in summary o 1. Does not have the population pressures of East or South Asia o 2. Population contrasts o 3. Growth and migration Setting the boundaries o two sub regions: Mainland and Insular o 11 countries o 10 in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) o formerly known as Indochina highlights influence of India and China Physical landscapes o Mainland Deltaic environments Tropical monsoon  Forest o Insular Archipelagic environments Sunda Shelf Deforestation in Southeast Asia o Export-oriented logging o Japan 1960s o Effects Denuded landscapes, damaged watersheds, reduced  biodiversity o National parks and protected areas “paper parks” Kutai National Park
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The Tragedy of the Karen o Indigenous people in Burma o Found favor with British o Never integrated into Burma o Established insurgent state o Agreement to give Thailand access to Burmese Teak forests Air Pollution o 1. Urban smog o 2. Smoke from clearing forests o 3. Tinder-dry forests due to drought caused by El Nino o 4. Peat bogs Mining o 13,000 foot high “Mine In the Clouds” and open pit, multi mineral  mine on Grasberg Mountain in West Papua o New Orleans-based Freeport McMoRan Copper and oil Population and Settlement o Deltas o Coastal areas o Zones of fertile volcanic soil 3 Types of Agriculture o three types of agriculture practices 1. Swidden/Shifting Agriculture/Slash and Burn 1. Small populations 2. Land available is large enough 3. May turn to cash crops 2.Plantation Agriculture rice, rubber, cane sugar, tea, pineapple, and copra 3. Rice Farming
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planting (usually by women) of rice seedlings by hand  in flooded terraced fields that are first cultivated (usually by  men) with hand-guided plows by water buffalo Major Influences (Religious) o 1. South Asian 2,000 years ago migrants from what is now present day India  helped establish Hindu kingdoms in coastal locations in  Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, southern Viet Nam o 2. 2 nd  wave South Asian influence mainland SE Asia in the 13 th  century Theravada Buddhism (Sri Lanka) o 3. China Vietnamese Province of China until 1000 A.D. Colonialism “Chinese Metizo” o Islam pre-European culture o 1. Centered on riverine environments where alluvial lands  transformed from forest and freshwater swamp to rice growing areas o 2. Power of the state rested on taxing rural production to finance  defense, trade, industry and irrigation o 3. Emerged after adopting Indian models of state organization Insular Kingdoms o 1. Srivijaya 7
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Exam 2 - Whereistheabandoningpredominantlyhappening?

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