Exam 4 - Exam4 OtherExplanations Environmentalproblems

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Exam 4 19:29 Other Explanations Environmental problems Depopulation because of slavery Lack of investment in infrastructure, education, public health by colonists Decline in prices of commodities and products that come from Africa Economic nationalism Food policies: government kept crop prices too low Corruption Debt Import substitution Required capital funds Acquired funds from the World Bank and other governments like the U.S. $231 billion International Monetary Fund (IMF) A financial institution funded by developed nations to help developing countries Reorganize Formalize Develop their countries World Bank
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A global leading institution makes loans to countries needing money to pay for  development projects Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) IMF and World Bank Required governments to: Liberalize trade Privatization Cut social programs Devaluation of currencies Ghana in 1983 1990 30 African countries “Imposing Misery and Famine” Debt Relief 1996 World Bank and IMF introduced the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Restructure and forgive part of the debt of poor countries (5 year period) HIPC criticized Jubilee initiative 2000 – debt forgiveness HIV/AIDS
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2006, 2/3 world’s HIV/AIDS cases women origins mothers often transmit the disease to their children
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course GEOG 1003 taught by Professor Patzewitsch during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Exam 4 - Exam4 OtherExplanations Environmentalproblems

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