seemann4 - Marriage and Family Functions researchers say...

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Marriage and Family Functions - researchers say that the primary functions of the family are to regulate sexual activity and to provide care for dependants - Family of Origin - the family that one is born into (the family that includes parents and siblings) - Family of Procreation - the family that one creates with others (includes wife/husband and children) - family also provides the function of an economic agreement - The Chippewayan - women have extremely low status (were responsible for hard labor, often abused and had not rights) - divorce involved taking one’s belongings and going back to parents, but economically infeasible - Kinship - in most early societies, the three big divisions were the family, the settlement and the clan - Patrilineal - generations go from father to son and offspring are of the father - Matrilineal - generations go from mother to daughter and offspring are of the mother - Bilateral - generations can descend from either side - How Many? - Monogamy - people can only have one spouse - Americans practice serial monogamy - Polygamy - people can have more than one spouse - Polygyny is the most common form, which allows men to have more than one wife - Polyandry, which is allowing a woman to have multiple husbands, is rarer and can only be seen in some parts of Asia - Endogamy - rules that dictate that marriage has to be within a certain group - marriage within religion, race, etc. - % of population 69 % White 13.2% Hispanic 12.8 % Black 4.8% Asian 1% Native American - Exogamy - rules that dictate that marriage has to be outside a certain group - e.g., incest prohibitions - Phratries or moieties - where there are two separate phratries, one is required to marry someone from one opposite their own - Marriage in America
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- there has been a recent trend towards later and later marriage, but earlier and earlier sex - in the 1950s, it was common for people to marry immediately after finishing high school - currently, people are waiting until their 20s to get married - in 1950, 25% of men were virgins at 19 and 45% of women were - in 1990 15% of men were and 20% of women were - Labor Force Participation - by early 20s, 90% of men will be working - most will remain in the labor force until their mid-60s - women have caught up to men in full-time employment throughout their adult lives Aging and the Life Course Rites of Passage - e.g. certain birthdays, graduations, marriages, funerals Childhood - first 12 years of life - can be broken into infacy, early childhood, etc. Adolescence - peculiar to modern Industrial societies - this stage, along with childhood, denotes a state of dependency Young Adulthood - along with middle age, denotes a state of independence Middle Age Old Age - once again, a state of dependency characterizes people - in modern industrial societies, the aged are looked upon as a burden - in other societies, they are given a revered status - require care from others to sustain existence, mostly from family - 2/3 of caretakers of elderly people are women (mostly daughters)
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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seemann4 - Marriage and Family Functions researchers say...

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