Animal Behavior - Animal Behavior -Neurophysiology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Animal Behavior -Neurophysiology -Endocrinology -Muscle Physiology -Anatomy -Ecology -Evolutionary Biology -Mathematical Analysis -Markov Analysis- do behaviors appear in set sequences? -probability -past about 3 behavioral acts, there is sporadic activity Behavior- anything that an animal does in relation to its external world; some sort of bodily movement; actions along with context of activities -predators have aimless or systematic search pattern; wait for prey -red foxes systematically search beside ponds, searching for ducks -alligators wait for ducks; rattlesnakes -handling time- dismantling of food, getting into a consumable form -prey adaptations -deer’s legs are spread out, very agile and quick, fawns have no odor -courtship behaviors -aggressive behaviors Physical Factors -Moisture conditions, air temperature, etc. Social Factors -Cooperative, competitive, predatory behaviors, etc -behaviors contribute to individual survival -behavior is a product of natural selection, much like physical characteristics -ensure that variations that improve fitness are propagated -Nature vs. Nurture -Nurture -importance of genetics and environment -B.F. Skinner- comparative psychologist -Skinner box- measure intelligence -J.B. Watson- comparative psychology -believed behavior was purely a result of learning -School of Comparative Psychology -“Rat Psych” school -heavy use of white rats -laboratory research -research done in a controlled environment; mazes -rigid control over research -control of breeding strain, precise factors -maximized internal validity -statistical design, sample size -young animals had blank minds- “tabula rasa”- blank slate
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-Konrad Lorenz -King Solomon’s Ring -Niko Tinbergen -Curious Naturalists -Karl von Frisch -studied communication in animals; honeybees -studied how honeybees communicate around the hive- “Waggle dance” -Award Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology -Ethological Philosophy -Extensive Field Work -Careful Observation -Far Less Rigid Experimental Conditions -Maximized External Validity -there is evolutionary significance to their work -interpreted behavior as genetically based, minimized role of learning -Constant Environment -Gull Island- nesting birds on the rock -rock ledge will not change; young do not have chance to learn to fly when they leave -behavior must be genetically controlled -Stochastic Environment -environment which is frequently changing, unpredictable; stochastic -materials may not be readily available -Eric Charnov -introduced a topic called Optimal Foraging -animals have all of the sensory capacities necessary to evaluate resources and choose resources that maximize energy -seeds- large v. small -small- abundant, uniformly distributed, must ignore environment to eat -large- more nutrients, harder seed coat -birds choose seeds in the middle range -Lovebirds -Peach-Faced Lovebird -inserts nesting material in rump feathers -Fischer’s Lovebird -carries material in its beak -Hybrid Lovebird -tried to insert material into its tail, failed over and over. When
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina Upstate.

Page1 / 8

Animal Behavior - Animal Behavior -Neurophysiology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online