December 3, 2003 - Reactions

December 3, 2003 - Reactions - Past Kineses I. Inate...

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Past Kineses I. Inate (instinctive) behavior a. Organisms exhibit behavior that don’t require any practice and occur nearly the same way everytime b. Usually species specific c. Usually associated with courtship and reproduction d. FAP – Fixed Action Patterns i. Examples 1. Terns – notable for flying out over breakers and hovering in the air and then plunging into the water, and when they leave, usually have a small fish. Then fly inland into a sandy beach area, into a colony with dozens to hundreds of nests (just a depression in the sand with about two speckled eggs). When there are just a couple of young just hatched and looking for their first meal, the adult will present the fish to the young. The young will take the fish and flip it around until the fish is face down, this is a fixed action pattern in that it doesn’t need to practiced 2. Large dog, when the dog comes in to plop down in front of the fire, will stop and turn around two to three times around. Thinking about a hey field or something to beat down vegetation or something. 3. Leopard or Bull frog. When a flying insect, say dragonfly, flies by, the frog will flip out its tongue to catch the insect. These actions are stereotyped and occur the same way each time ii. Usually come from releasers (or stimuli from the environment). When these stimuli occur between individuals of different species, they are not called releasers. 1. Mallard duck with the bluish color on the speculum of the bird and it very bright on the mallard or wood duck. The speculum helps with romance…the duck will court a female by turning until the speculum is faced toward the female and will drag his bill against the shaft of his… primary and secondary feather to draw attention. He will then flash his…speculum at her. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina Upstate.

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December 3, 2003 - Reactions - Past Kineses I. Inate...

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