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Unformatted text preview: humans live Idealism/Essentialism Creatures already perfect Aristotle 384-322 BC Teacher was Plato Questioned Plato’s two worlds Early naturalist Observed and understood nature First scheme of taxonomy Ladder of life No flexibility Scala naturae Each species immutable Teachings consistent with the church Teachings followed for 2,000 years 5 th century Dark Ages Roger Bacon Ceased to be ruled by dogmas and authorities 16 th-17 th centuries People promoted study 1600’s Induction/inductive reasoning View experiment Infer generalization /\ specific case / \ / \ large principal Card von Linnue Swedish physician Botanist Devote Christian Immutability of species Published Species Plantarum Botany Systema Naturae Animals...
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- Spring '11