Material for test 6 - IV. The Progressive Era - 1901 to...

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IV. The Progressive Era - 1901 to 1914 (Teddy R. as president until Europe at war) a. Characteristics - Group a.i. Reform Movement a.i.1. A most dynamic periods and most dynamic era of reform a.ii. Optimism a.ii.1. Part of progressivism - helped reform, can fix problems a.iii. Prosperity a.iii.1. Best reforms when everything is profitable a.iii.2. McKinley’s 2 chickens in one pot a.iv. Urbans a.iv.1. Those that benefit from progressive era, populists for rural reform progressives for urban reform a.iv.2. Majority of people live in cities and have unique problems a.iv.3. Growing mass of articulated Americans want to fix a.v. Government a.v.1. Progressives believe the government are the proper ones to do reforms. b. Aims b.i. Political - give power to the people b.i.1. Direct primary - a process of choosing political party candidates by the people (state level) b.i.1.a. Presidency not chosen through direct primary; states choose b.i.1.b. Presidential preference for each state b.i.1.c. Conventions choose - have to influence at earlier primaries b.i.2. Direct election of US Senators b.i.2.a. Originally picked by state legislatures - not very democratic b.i.2.b. Millionaires club - entrepreneurs - picked their well being over peoples’ b.i.2.c. 17 th Amendment - amend legislature choosing senators b.i.2.d. 17 th replicates 15 th amendment - no state can deny the vote or restrict the vote. **16, 17, 18, 19 amendments = progressive amendments** b.i.3. Secret Ballot - The Australian ballot - through state level- corner stone of democracy b.i.3.a. Initially unpopular, foreign, hiding b.i.3.b. Vote in secret to keep from intimidation b.i.4. Woman’s suffrage b.i.4.a. Began in 1848 at Seneca Falls convention
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b.i.4.b. Suffragette Movement - picket signs; women’s rights to vote. Daisy in hat band support for them. b.i.4.c. Wyoming vote for women - only for school board b.i.4.d. The draft took so many men that woman had to take their jobs during WWI b.i.4.e. War proved woman could function as men - contribution to war gave them the right to vote b.i.4.f. 19 th Amendment - no state can deny the vote because of gender. SC didn’t ratify until 1969 b.i.4.g. First election 1920 - voted for 2 nd worst president (Harding) **NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People WEB DuBois - creator of it - Harvard graduate b.i.5. Corrupt practices and campaign reform - changes state by state b.i.5.a. Stop buying votes b.i.5.b. Public campaign funding b.i.5.c. Alcohol was used to influence voters - get them to vote for candidates who provided liquor b.i.5.c.i. Illegal to buy alcohol while poles are open b.i.6. Initiative Referendum Recall b.i.6.a. Restrictions on legislature b.i.6.b. People can initiate legislature on issues b.i.6.c. Referendum lets people vote on issues b.i.6.d. Referendum used where issues are divided b.i.6.e. Prevents legislative representatives from getting in trouble b.i.6.f. Remove officials before their term of offices has expired
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina Upstate.

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Material for test 6 - IV. The Progressive Era - 1901 to...

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