Material For Test Four - Material For Test Four XII. Civil...

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Material For Test Four XII. Civil War - because it was such a major event in our history it was simply called “the war”. Southerners have for years have refused to acknowledge it. But it is usually referred to as the Civil War. The name suggests that the south was merely a fractious portion of the union trying to overthrow the government - so this is a name given it by the winning party. The south liked to call it the War Between the States and was not a civil war at all. The southern view is perpetuated in the title the War For the States - arguing that they fought on behalf of an appropriate theory of government. Similarly, it is sometimes called the war against the states, suggesting that a wretched north took up arms to defeat the legit ideas of government. One of the most popular textbooks in college is in two volumes: The Federal Union and the American Nation - suggesting that it was after the civil war that we became a unified nation. It is sometimes also called the War for Southern Independence, reflecting the colonial situation of the southern states (they bought their manufacturing products from the north and sold them their raw materials - they depended on the north) and so they had reached the level of their endurance. They were now struggling for their independence. It has also been called the Needless War, is this a conflict that had to happen? There are other means to resolve issues. Especially when considering the deaths (more men lost their lives in this war than in the sum of the wars all the way up to Vietnam). Another title is The Second American Revolution this would suggest that in 1776 dissatisfied British colonists created a new nation (a turning point) others would say in 1861 the American Nation turned again in a revolutionary direction this time moving forward unified as they had not been earlier. The OR (Official Records) in congress which has all of the paper work involved in the conflict (both political and military) and the name is The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion (a victor’s title - that is the official title!). A. Causes a. Immediate a.i. The firing on Fort Sumter brought (get from someone) - southern congress, etc. b. Long Range b.i. One of the earliest explanations for this conflict was the devil theory. The civil war was caused by evil, wicked men like Abe Lincoln, and John C. Calhoun - their own pursuit dragged the nation into conflicts. In the immediate aftermath this was the easiest way to look at the war. b.ii. The Blundering generation - The leaders of old (Clay, Webster, Adams, Jefferson, etc.) is no more. Our nation was led initially by courageous, loyal men whom were committed to the union (revolution). But now we have a group of men who group up after the war of 1812 and they seemed unable to prevent themselves from regional crisis. Nobody had stood up to the south in 30 years (when ?Jackson? threatened to hang Calhoun) . Had there been strong leaders, the south would have been reigned in long ago. It was a blundering generation.
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 100 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina Upstate.

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Material For Test Four - Material For Test Four XII. Civil...

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