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Chem110Search05

Chem110Search05 - Structure and Systematic Searching of...

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Structure and Systematic Searching of World Wide Web For more detailed information, see: http://gateway.lib.ohio-state.edu/tutor/, http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Inte rnet/FindInfo.html, http://www.bedfordresearcher.com/index.cfm
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Internet and World Wide Web Internet is a vast collection of interconnected computers that can exchange information with each other World Wide Web (www) is the portion of the internet that utilizes h ypert ext t ransfer p rotocol (http) to transfer text and graphics from a server computer to a client computer for viewing in browser
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Producing a Document for Web Availability Prepare document on word processor as usual. filename.doc "Save As" Web Document Document converted to h ypert ext m arkup l anguage (html). filename.html Upload document to server computer Document placed in specific public_html folder on server computer. Location is specified by U niform R esource L ocator (URL). tld
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tld Type of Connection (Protocol) : All Web addresses begin with http which stands for H yper T ext T ransfer P rotocol, the set of standards used by computers to transfer hypertext files (Web pages) over the Internet. Domain Name: This section identifies the computer on which the Web page is located. * www indicates that this computer is acting as a Web server. * site is abbreviation for the entity that supports the computer. * tld , the last part of the domain, is called the 'top-level domain'. This tells us what type of organization sponsors the computer such as:.edu (education), .com (commercial or business), .gov (government),.org (organization - usually non-profit). http://www.lib.umb.edu/webtutorial/module4/Module4-2.html http://gateway.lib.ohiostate.edu/tutor/les2/pg1.html
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directory: specifies the path to the location of the document on the server. May require more than one term to specify a path to the folder containing the document. tld* http://gateway.lib.ohiostate.edu/tutor/les2/pg1.html fileneame: specifies the name of the document on the server. *Top Level Domains outside the US end with a two letter country code: http://www.webteacher.org/winexp/domain/name.html
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Accessing a Document on Web Internet is a communication system that allows computers to interact with each other regardless of their relative locations http://gateway.lib.ohio-state.edu/tutor/les2/pg3.html Your computer running Internet Explorer or Netscape program A second computer at another location URL Copy of document, filename.html
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http://gateway.lib.ohio-state.edu/tutor/les2/pg1.html A web site consists of multiple documents that are all linked to a “home page” with a shortened URL URLs consisting of only the first two elements take you to the home page (or index) of the site from which all component pages can be accessed Accessing a Web Site tld*
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Navigating Web Sites http://gateway.lib.ohio-state.edu/tutor/les2/ and http://gateway.lib.ohio-state.edu/tutor/les2/pg1.html Hyperlinks are usually in a different color and are underlined. Clicking on a link takes you to a page which may be part of same web site or another web site.
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