Class24 - Chemistry 83 Class24 1 Adverse Efects oF Current...

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Unformatted text preview: Chemistry 83 Class24 1 Adverse Efects oF Current Technologies on Humans Laws that protect society: OHSA, CPSA, HMTA, EPCRA, TRI Hazardous Substances in the Chemical Manufacturing Industry • Hazardous substances are materials that can pose a short-term or long-term danger to personal health or the environment if they are not properly managed (contained) • World production of commercial chemicals is about 300 M tons of 100,000 different substances/yr, of which only 5000 are considered to be hazardous Chemistry 83 Class24 2 Laws that protect citizens from hazardous substances • O ccupa&onal S afety and H ealth A ct (OSHA, ‘70) regulates safe use and storage of chemicals in workplace, implemented by Department of Labor [h¡p://www.epa.gov/reg5oopa/defs/html/osha.htm] • C onsumer P roduct S afety A ct (CPSA, ‘72) protect the public "against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products.” [h¡p:// www.cpsc.gov/about/faq.html)] • H azardous M aterials T ransporta&on A ct (HMTA, ‘75) regulates safe transporta\on of chemicals, implemented by Department of Transporta\on [h¡p://safety.science.tamu.edu/dot.html] • E mergency P lanning and C ommunity R ight-to-Know A ct (EPCRA, ‘86): requires manufacturers to inform communi\es of hazards and to work with ci\zens to provide plans for possible emergencies. EPA • T oxics R elease I nventory (TRI, ‘88): requires companies to disclose informa\on about amounts of toxic chemicals they release into the air and water and dispose of on land. EPA Types of Hazards and OSHA Warning Label OSHA uses a diamond-shaped warning label to warn of four major types of hazards in case of an emergency http://www.uigi.com/nfpa_labelcode.gif http://www.hclco.com/images/34a.gif Chemistry 83 Class24 2 Laws that protect citizens from hazardous substances • O ccupa&onal S afety and H ealth A ct (OSHA, ‘70) regulates safe use and storage of chemicals in workplace, implemented by Department of Labor [h¡p://www.epa.gov/reg5oopa/defs/html/osha.htm] • C onsumer P roduct S afety A ct (CPSA, ‘72) protect the public "against unreasonable risks of injuries associated with consumer products.” [h¡p:// www.cpsc.gov/about/faq.html)] • H azardous M aterials T ransporta&on A ct (HMTA, ‘75) regulates safe transporta\on of chemicals, implemented by Department of Transporta\on [h¡p://safety.science.tamu.edu/dot.html] • E mergency P lanning and C ommunity R ight-to-Know A ct (EPCRA, ‘86): requires manufacturers to inform communi\es of hazards and to work with ci\zens to provide plans for possible emergencies. EPA • T oxics R elease I nventory (TRI, ‘88): requires companies to disclose informa\on about amounts of toxic chemicals they release into the air and water and dispose of on land. EPA Types of Hazards and OSHA Warning Label OSHA uses a diamond-shaped warning label to warn of four major types of hazards in case of an emergency http://www.uigi.com/nfpa_labelcode.gif http://www.hclco.com/images/34a.gif Chemistry 83...
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