Tuesday March 15

Tuesday March 15 - Tuesday March 15, 2011 (Cont. from last...

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Tuesday March 15, 2011 (Cont. from last lecture) o Oxytocin and Vassopressin neurotransmitters linked to social bonding. Elevated levels are associated with bonding pairs. o Oxytocin seem to be elvated in women vs Vassopressin in men o Moral of the story: Attachment has biological basis Sex Differences, Gender-Role Development, and Sexuality What is Sex-typing o Sex-typing is the process by which children acquire the motives, values, and behaviors considered appropriate for members based on biological sex. Sex-Role Standards o Gender role standard – value, motive, or behavior considered more appropriate for members of one sex than the other Expressive role – female – kind , nurturing, cooperative, sensitive to others’ needs Instrumental role – male – dominant, assertive, independent, and competitive o Have gender-roles changed? No. Some facts about gender differences (Maccoby & Jacklin, 1974) o Males Spatial/visual abilities Some advantage in arithmetic reasoning More physical and verbal aggression Higher activity More vulnerable to stress and disease o Females Greater verbal abilities Better at computational mathematical skills Higher fearfulness, timidity, and lower on risk taking
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2011 for the course PSYC 103 taught by Professor Regalo during the Spring '11 term at UNL.

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Tuesday March 15 - Tuesday March 15, 2011 (Cont. from last...

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