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Cognitive Psychology Study Guide

Cognitive Psychology Study Guide - Cognitive Psychology...

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Cognitive Psychology Study Guide: Exam 1: o Exam: o Mc, short answer, draw a diagram or graph (ex. Rbc- draw an object with it’s different geons and parts), section that starts to explain models a bit- MODELS** (template matching, rbc, pandemonium, one more)- understand how to draw these and explain what they do/how they work Standard Interpretation of Illusions: o Most of the time, our senses reveal reality to us. o Sometimes, however, we are fooled: our senses give a false impression. An alternative interpretation of illusions like the Ebbinghaus Illusion o Most of the time, different ways of interacting with the world lead us to the same conception of reality. o Sometimes, however, different interactions (e.g. visual scan vs. measuring with a tape measure) lead to different conclusions. Insight from McGurk effect- o Visual present: “hop”. Visual absent: “pop”. o The mind seems to blend visual and auditory information when it interprets speech. Some generalizations o Our perceptual mechanisms give consistent interpretations of reality to us in most cases. But there are exceptions. o We interpret sensory stimuli in relation to their contexts. Cognitive Psychology… studies basic mental mechanisms o Cognitive Psychology (perception, attention, memory, language, …) vs. Clinical, Social Psychology(emotions, opinions, moods, world views, …) Cognitive Psychology… looks for subtle cues to mechanism o The mind’s interface with the world seems seamless. There is one reality, and our senses tell us what it is. o But this is not quite true, as the foregoing illusions, mental filling-in phenomenon, and McGurk effect reveal. o These subtle discrepancies help reveal properties of the mental mechanism . Idea: o Look for light in the crevices of our experience: o It can give insight into the workings of the mind. Cross-cutting Themes o Brain/neurobiology o Modeling o World-Relevance History o In which certain important ideas in Cognitive Psychology are foreshadowed.
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o History of ideas that provide background/foundation of cognitive psych Thales (ca. 635-545 BC) o predicted the eclipse of May 28, 585 BC. o once predicted a strong olive harvest and invested in olive presses, striking it rich that year. Some say he did this to show that he could use his wisdom to make money, even though that wasn’t his primary intention. o fell in a well while looking at the stars (according to a story Plato has Socrates tell in Theaetetus ). o Tension between people who want to think and people who are attentive to the needs of life/things that are practical o Posited the physis: Fundamental substance of which everything is made. Thales believed it was water. (His student, Anaximander said it
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Cognitive Psychology Study Guide - Cognitive Psychology...

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