Psych Study guide for Exam 3

Psych Study guide for Exam 3 - Study guide for Exam 3 4/5...

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Study guide for Exam 3: 4/5 Conformity and Aggression: Introduction to social psychology: o individuals beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors in the context of other people (in the setting where others are around) o different than sociology o individual within group Imitation: o imitate without much thought or feeling much conflict o leads to smoother interactions o way in which we as people imitate each other- starts as babies imitating their mothers o this carries forward into much more complex social behaviors and attitudes Conformity: o particular type of imitation o change perceptions, opinions, behavior to be consistent with group norm o everyone conforms on an every day basis- ex. With when it’s a rainy day- most people wear rain boots, etc., or elevator example- there’s a common way that everyone faces the door when you’re in an elevator o challenge- break group norm Early Studies: o we’re so eager to conform, that we do things that don’t make sense in order to conform o Asch: o Length of the line judged Experiment where there are 6 subjects asked to determine the longest or shortest line of 4 lines. Only one person is an actual subject, while the others work with the experimenter and give wrong answers- 37% of the time the subject conforms to the group either because they don’t want to deviate from the group, or the rest of the group convinces them that they’re right o Sherif: o Distance of light movement judged Asked individuals how fast the pinpoint of light was moving, and when alone the subject would say the light wasn’t moving at all, yet when there was someone working with the experiment saying that it was moving, they’d tend to agree o Informational influence: o Want to be right- conform because they are convinced the others are right so they join o Normative Influence: o They know it’s wrong, but they conform due to the fear of the consequences of appearing deviant
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o Private conformity- when you actually agree o Public conformity- just a superficial change in your behavior or attitude- suggest or say out loud that you agree, but you know that is wrong What Contributes… o Size of the group- conformity increases as the size of the group gets larger; yet more than 4 doesn’t make any difference- after 4, it’s the same, no more compliance after 4 because when you have a lot of people it seems to cast some doubt o Understanding the norm- need to understand in order to conform with it o Ally o Not gender- gender doesn’t seem to play a role, except for when women know that they are being recorded or observed than they are more conforming o Culture- more conformity in collectivist cultures than individual Compliance: o Social influence in which explicit requests are made with the hope that the person will comply o How request is made had an effect Talk fast Sound informed Make unusual request-more likely to get something if you ask for something unusual that gets their attention aside from the norm
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Psych Study guide for Exam 3 - Study guide for Exam 3 4/5...

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