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psych study guide for exam 2

psych study guide for exam 2 - Psych 1103 Study Guide for...

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Psych 1103 Study Guide for Exam 2: Stress and Coping Stress? 1956-introducated -Embraced by Pop culture → Cultural connotations vs. actual definition -Excuse -State of Mind -Marketing tool -Physiological Phenomena Attention in Cycle → Driven by science -A and B personality -Aerobics -Meditation -Link between stress and heart disease Stress- Cultural Phenomena or real Experience -Experiencing of events which are perceived to be dangerous to physical or psychological well being Stressors -Events or changes -Daily Hassles -Internal struggles (not traumatic events) What matters? -Most likely a cultural and scientific phenomenon, a vocab term, and a scientific study → Controllability- plays a really important role in how the event is interpreted. The more uncontrollable=the more stressful → Predictability- the more predictable something is the less stressful something is. If we know something’s coming then we can prepare for it. → Whether it challenges our limits- is it something we can manage? Susceptibility to Illness -score on the scale is suggestive of susceptibility to stress related illness Psychological Reactions to Stress →Anxiety is the most common -worry, tension, fear → PTSD- severe anxiety symptoms, sleep disturbance, numbness, feeling outside of oneself, relieving traumatic experiences , soldiers returning from IRAQ
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-Anger and aggression -depression and apathy -cognitive impairment Physiology- anything that’s secondary and we don’t need shuts down -metabolism goes faster -digestion goes down -heart rate and blood pressure goes much faster -blood vessels constrict -increase white blood cells count Long Term Effect → chronic stress-effect health -ulcers, increased Blood pressure, heart disease, decreased immunofunction Mediator: Cognitive Appraisal Stressor→ Primary appraisal → challenge= no stress, threat=secondary appraisal→ if they can cope then they have no stress, and if they cant cope then they do have stress Coping with Stress -problem focused (these people figure out how to figure out a solution. More likely to think of it as a challenge and get no stress) vs. emotion focused coping (much more likely to stay with the emotion and stay with the fact that it makes them feel bad, see it as a threat that they cant manage) -CBT, biofeedback, relaxation training, meditation, exercise Personality: •Unique and relatively consistent pattern of –Thinking- tend to think about it in a vernacular type of way- unique way of describing someone –Feeling- –Behaving o These are unchanging factors- trying to understand the uniqueness of people Personality Theory: o how people similar vs. different o how unique o Overview psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic, trait o Different perspectives of how personality has been conceptualized over time- understanding personality Psychoanalytic approach: o Freud- most popular o He has had a profound influence on the field of how people understand personality o Something about the energy in the human body was trapped, and there was a way to discover things about people Consciousness –plays a key role o 3 levels:
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psych study guide for exam 2 - Psych 1103 Study Guide for...

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