SABIC CHEM 101 Chapter 5 - Part 2

# SABIC CHEM 101 - TheGasLaws There are three important mathematical laws that relate the properties of a gases These were derived from experiments

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The Gas Laws Boyle’s Law: Relates pressure to volume. Charles’s Law: Relates volume to temperature. Avogadro’s Law: Relates volume to moles. There are three important mathematical laws that relate the properties of a gases. These were derived from experiments that involved careful measurements of relevant gas properties. The three laws are: We will look at each of these laws individually and then use them to derive the Ideal Gas Law

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Boyle’s Law Robert Boyle (1627-1691) conducted the first qualitative experiments on gases. He used a J-tube to study the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas. When mercury is added to the J- tube, pressure on the trapped gas is increased and the volume of the gas decreases V ˿ 1/P The pressure of a gas is inversely proportional the volume at a constant temperature http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRCYjrLlN9o
The pressure of a gas is inversely proportional the volume at a constant temperature P 1 V 1 = P 2 V 2 PV = k, P = k/V and V = k/P,

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## This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course CHEM 101 taught by Professor Fitts during the Fall '08 term at UPenn.

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SABIC CHEM 101 - TheGasLaws There are three important mathematical laws that relate the properties of a gases These were derived from experiments

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