Test Two Study Guide

Test Two Study Guide - REVIEW FOR LITERATURE SECTIONS World...

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1 REVIEW FOR LITERATURE SECTIONS World Thought I TEST TWO 1.) Know Professor McGinnis’s lecture – especially know the terms and phrases she put on the board. 2.) Know about Sophocles and his life. 3.) Know about Euripides. 4.) Know Aristotle’s elements of a tragedy and be able to apply them to our readings. 5.) Know what arete meant for Greek men and for Greek women. 6.) Know what the term xenos means. In what ways was Medea “other”? 7.) Know the characters, themes and plots of Oedipus and Medea . Be able to discuss in depth the main characters, their motivations, etc. 8.) Know Shannon’s lecture on the three philosophers. Pay special attention to Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. World Thought – History Review Questions – Test #2 - 2004 1. Who were the Hellenes? What was Hellenization? 2. Know the difference between strategy and tactics. Know: Salamis, Gaugamela, Darius, Xerxes, Themistocles, Parmenio, Demosthenes Philippics , Eleutheria . 3. Critique the life of Alexander the Great- strengths as a general. Weakness: what cost him the respect of many of his men? How did he change negatively the culture of Greece? Probable essay topic. 4. What does the word philosophy mean? 5. Know: Thales, Anaximander, Heraklitos, Parmenides, Democritus, Empedocles, Pythagorians, Sophists, and Ethical Mean. 6. Who fought the Peloponnesian War? Who won and why? Identify: Thuycidides. 7. Identify: Kouros, Kore , post and lintel system. Amphora 8. Greek art demonstrates both naturalism and idealism – explain. 9. What are the names of the three Greek column types? Describe the Parthenon and why its design irritated Plato. Identify: acropolis, agora. 10. What were the two principle Greek musical instruments? Identify: Muses & Polyhymnia. 11. Identify: Elgin Marbles, Praxiteles, Nike of Samothrace, Laocoon statue, & Sappho. 12. Know three notable facts about the Olympics from the student presentation. 13. Know: Archimedes, Aristarchus, Euclid, Eratosthenes, Hippocrates, and Hipparchus.
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Who were the Hellenes? Though the word 'Hellenes' is less familiar than the word ‘Greek' to the English-speaking public, it has two advantages. It is not misleading; and it is the word which, in the Greek language, the Hellenes themselves used to designate their civilization, their world, and themselves. 'Hellas' seems originally to have been the name of the region, and 'Hellenes', signifying 'inhabitants of Hellas', presumably acquired its broader meaning, signifying 'members of the Hellenic society', through being used as a corporate name for the association of local peoples, the Amphictyones ('neighbours'). What was Hellenization? The term Hellenization (derived from Héllçn, the Greeks ' word for themselves) was established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of various ethnicities, and from the political dominance of the city-state to that of larger monarchies .
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