Know what realms the following Great Powers – Absolutist families ruled: Valois &
Bourbon / Habsburgs / Hohenzollerns
/ Romanovs / and Stuart &
Hanoverians (limited monarchy)
Valois and Bourbon
– Spain and Austria
Stuart and Hanoverian
Huguenots, St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, Catherine de Medici, Henry
IV (of Navarre), Edict of Nantes, War of the Henris.
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
– In Catherine de Medici
’s day, a woman who essentially ruled
for her three sons: Francis II, Charles IX, and Henri III, 1,000’s of French Protestants called
were murdered in this massacre of 1572.
Henry IV (of Navarre)
– He rules France from 1589-1610 as Henry IV. He converts from
Protestant to Catholic in the name of peace. His 1598 Edict of Nantes
gave Huguenots some
War of the Henris
– The nobles within the Catholic Guise family fought against Huguenot
power. Henri Guise, Henri Valois, and Henry Bourbon of Navarre fought for control of France in
1588/89. Bourbon was victorious. Henri Bourbon then converted from Protestantism to
Catholicism to try and stop the bloodshed. He issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 which gave
some religious liberties to the Huguenots. He was murdered in 1610.
What bloody religious war devastated much of Europe from 1618 to 1648?
The Thirty Years War.
Know: Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIV.
Describe their politics &
– The most powerful statesman in Europe was the mastermind behind Louis’ realm:
. He was pragmatic and always acted to strengthen France and her absolutism.
He was determined to weaken the Austrian Habsburgs, even by going in league with the
– “The Sun King.” He promoted the arts, built the magnificent palace at Versailles
and made France the most powerful monarchy in Europe. *See more in presentation notes.
What are four starting points (beliefs) that the Judeo-Christian conception of reality
gave to the world of early Modern Science which was an impetus for the new
Nature is real and not an illusion. God is good and so is His created. God and nature are
not one and the same, therefore, nature can be studied without inquiry to God. Because God is
orderly, nature is orderly, therefore nature will follow “natural laws.”
Identify: Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, Sir Isaac Newton.
– He was a Danish astronomer who has the peculiar distinction of having a gold-