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test3review - Review for World Thought Culture Test 3...

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Review for World Thought & Culture Test 3 History, Science, Art- Rococo & Neo-Classical: 1. Know what realms the following Great Powers – Absolutist families ruled: Valois & Bourbon / Habsburgs / Hohenzollerns = Prussia / Romanovs / and Stuart & Hanoverians (limited monarchy) Valois and Bourbon – France Habsburgs – Spain and Austria Hohenzollerns – Prussia Romanovs – Russia Stuart and Hanoverian – England 2. Identify: Huguenots, St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, Catherine de Medici, Henry IV (of Navarre), Edict of Nantes, War of the Henris. St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre – In Catherine de Medici ’s day, a woman who essentially ruled for her three sons: Francis II, Charles IX, and Henri III, 1,000’s of French Protestants called Huguenots were murdered in this massacre of 1572. Henry IV (of Navarre) – He rules France from 1589-1610 as Henry IV. He converts from Protestant to Catholic in the name of peace. His 1598 Edict of Nantes gave Huguenots some freedom. War of the Henris – The nobles within the Catholic Guise family fought against Huguenot power. Henri Guise, Henri Valois, and Henry Bourbon of Navarre fought for control of France in 1588/89. Bourbon was victorious. Henri Bourbon then converted from Protestantism to Catholicism to try and stop the bloodshed. He issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 which gave some religious liberties to the Huguenots. He was murdered in 1610. 3. What bloody religious war devastated much of Europe from 1618 to 1648? The Thirty Years War. 4. Know: Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIV. Describe their politics & policies. Louis XIII – The most powerful statesman in Europe was the mastermind behind Louis’ realm: Cardinal Richelieu . He was pragmatic and always acted to strengthen France and her absolutism. He was determined to weaken the Austrian Habsburgs, even by going in league with the Protestants. Louis XIV – “The Sun King.” He promoted the arts, built the magnificent palace at Versailles and made France the most powerful monarchy in Europe. *See more in presentation notes. 5. What are four starting points (beliefs) that the Judeo-Christian conception of reality gave to the world of early Modern Science which was an impetus for the new learning? Nature is real and not an illusion. God is good and so is His created. God and nature are not one and the same, therefore, nature can be studied without inquiry to God. Because God is orderly, nature is orderly, therefore nature will follow “natural laws.” 6. Identify: Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, Sir Isaac Newton. Tycho Brahe – He was a Danish astronomer who has the peculiar distinction of having a gold-
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silver nose fashioned for him after he lost his real nose in duel when he was 20 years old. Tycho helped to shatter the ancient cosmology of the Greeks. They believed that the outer celestial sphere of the stars was fixed and unchanging. In 1572 Tycho witnessed a new star in the sky which burned in the heavens for over a year. His booklet about this was called De Nova Stella .
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