India_and_Pakistan_1945-1970 - India and Pakistan 1945-1970...

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India and Pakistan, 1945-1970A.) Intro1.)Britain too weak to hold on to India after WW22.)Defeat in Asia discredited British rule- British did a terrible job managing India during the world war as well3.)Here is first big case of decolonization4.)Demonstrates the effects of colonization are deep5.)problems linger even once Europeans leaveB.) WW2 in India1.)1930s: Gandhi campaigns2.)British grant limited autonomy, 1935: allowed regional elections3.)relationships sour badly during WW24.)British viceroy declared war for India, 1939: without consulting Indian leaders5.)WW2 as a conflict among imperialist oppressors6.)Indian communist in awkward position: communist in India greatest anti-britain, but kind of have to change7.)Indian National Army (INA)- fight for Japanese against the British (Sepoys)8.)Quit India movement-Churchill unsympathetic toward Indian independence-1942: nationwide strikes (undoing railways, violentish) in India against Brotain, sporadic violence (Quit India Movement)-congress leadership jailed-1943: British bungle famine in Bengal: 3 million died, refused to allow import (discreditedBritish ability to rule India)-WW2 experience radicalizes Indian leaders-Demand immediate independence, not gradual9.) mC.) Independence1.)Churchill loses election in Britain, 1945 (so don’t have him blocking independence)2.)Britain bankrupt3.)Debate on form India should take (democracy isn’t going give protection to large muslim minority)4.)Jinnah: Lahore Declaration-Called for Pakistan-

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