Chapter 16:Trauma & Trauma SystemsTrauma- a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence.•Trauma is the leading killer of persons <44yrs in the USA.•Serious trauma is a surgical disease; its proper care is immediate surgical intervention to repair internal hemorrhage sites.•Patients w/life-threatening injuries account for less than 10% of all trauma patients.Penetrating trauma- injury caused by an object breaking the skin and entering the body.Blunt trauma- injury caused by the collision of an object w/the body in which the object does not enter the body.Highway Safety Act of 1966- developed today’s EMS system.Levels of Trauma Centers•Level 1- Regional Trauma Center- commits resources to address all types of specialty trauma 24/7. ex: a University Hospital•Level 2- Area Trauma Center- commits resources to address the most common trauma emergencies w/surgical capability 24/7. ex: St. Mary’s, Delray•Level 3- Community Trauma Center- commits to special emergency
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Physical trauma, Penetrating trauma, Trauma center