Chapter 20 - Chapter 20: Soft-Tissue Trauma Soft Tissue...

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Chapter 20: Soft-Tissue Trauma Soft Tissue Injuries are the most common type of trauma . Integumentary System - skin, consisting of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers. The skin is the one of the largest, most important organs of the human body, comprising 16% of total body weight. Pathophysiology of Soft-Tissue Injury Closed Wounds - injury that does not break the skin. o Types of Closed Wounds Contusions - (bruise) tissue damage that has occurred beneath the skin. Erythema - general reddening of the skin due to dilation of the superficial capillaries. Ecchymosis - blue-black discoloration of the skin due to leakage of blood into the tissues Hematomas - (swelling under the skin/bump) collection of blood beneath the skin or trapped within a body compartment. Crush Injuries - mechanism of injury in which tissue is locally compressed by high pressure forces. Crush Syndrome - systemic disorder of severe metabolic disturbances resulting from the crush of a limb or other body part. Open Wounds - injury that breaks the surface of the skin o Types of Open Wounds Abrasions - scraping or abrading away of the superficial layers of the skin; an open soft-tissue injury Lacerations - normally a tear w/jagged borders Incisions - very smooth or surgical laceration, frequently caused by a knife, scalpel, razor blade, or piece of glass Punctures
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course PARAMEDIC 101 taught by Professor Bator during the Spring '11 term at Columbus State Community College.

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Chapter 20 - Chapter 20: Soft-Tissue Trauma Soft Tissue...

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