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Chapter 22 - Chapter 22 Musculoskeletal Trauma Types of...

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Chapter 22: Musculoskeletal Trauma Types of Muscular Injuries Contusion - closed wound in which the skin is unbroken, although damage has occurred to the tissue immediately beneath. Compartment Syndrome - condition that occurs when circulation to a portion of the body is cut off; muscle ischemia that is caused by rising pressures within an anatomic fascial space. Penetrating Injury - injury caused by an object breaking the skin and entering the body. Muscle Fatigue - occurs as the muscle reaches it’s limit of performance. Muscle Cramp - muscle pain resulting from over activity, lack of O2, and accumulation of waste products. Muscle Spasm - intermittent or continuous contraction of a muscle. Muscle Strain - injury resulting from overstretching of muscle fibers. Types of Joint Injury - consider any injury within 3 inches of a joint to be a joint injury. Sprain- tearing of a joint capsule’s connective tissues. o Types of Sprains Grade 1 - minor and incomplete capsule tear Grade 2 - significant but incomplete tear Grade 3 - complete tear Subluxation-
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