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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 33: Urology & Nephrology Urology- the surgical specialty dealing w/the urinary/genitourinary system. Urinary System- the group of organs that produce urine, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance for the body. Urine- the fluid made by the kidney and eliminated from the body. Urea- waste derived from ammonia produced through protein metabolism. Genitourinary System- the male organ system that includes reproductive and urinary structures. Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy- a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate associated w/aging. Preventive Strategy- a management plan to minimize further damage to vital tissues. Mechanisms of Non-Traumatic Urologic Disorders Inflammatory or immune-mediated disease Infectious disease Physical obstruction Hemorrhage Types of Pain Visceral Pain- pain arising in hollow organs such as the ureter and bladder. Characterized by; aching or crampy pain felt deep within the body and poorly localized. Referred Pain- pain felt in a location other than that of its origin....
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- Spring '11