Chapter 35 - Polycythemia- an excess of RBCs Diseases of...

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Chapter 35: Hematology Hematology - the study of blood and the blood-forming organs. Antigen - protein on the surface of a donor’s red blood cells that the patients body recognizes as “not self”. Blood Types A- have anti-B antigens B- have anti-A antigens AB- universal recipient, have both antigens O- universal donor, have 0 antigens Skin signs Jaundice - yellowing of the skin/eyes, characteristic of liver disease or hemolysis of RBC. Petechiae - small reddish-purple spots on the skin Purpura - larger reddish-purple blotches Diseases of the RBC’s Anemia - an inadequate number of red blood cells or inadequate hemoglobin within the RBC. Sickle Cell Anemia - an inherited disorder of RBC production, so named because the RBC’s become sickle-shaped (or C-shape) when O2 levels are low. o Sickle Cell Crisis Vasoocclusive Hematological Infectious
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Unformatted text preview: Polycythemia- an excess of RBCs Diseases of the WBCs Leukopenia/Neutropenia- a reduction in the # of WBCs/neutrophils Leukocytosis- an increase in the # of WBCs Leukemia- a cancer of the hematopoietic cells Lymphoma- a cancer of the lymphatic system. Platelet Abnormalities Thrombocytosis- an abnormal increase in the # of platelets. Thombocytopenia-an abnormal decrease in the # of platelets Hemophilia-a blood disorder in which one of the proteins necessary for blood clotting is missing or defective. Von Willebrands disease-clotting problems and abnormal platelet function. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)- a disorder of coagulation caused by systemic activation of the coagulation cascade. Multiple Myeloma-a cancerous disorder of plasma cells....
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course PARAMEDIC 101 taught by Professor Bator during the Spring '11 term at Columbus State Community College.

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