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CHAPTER 40 MULTIPLE CHOICE Write the letter of the best answer in the space provided. ______ 1. The release of an egg from the ovary is called: A. the pre-embryonic stage. B. ovulation. C. menstruation. D. gestation. ______ 2. Fertilization of the egg takes place in the: A. uterus. B. vagina. C. fallopian tube. D. cervix. ______ 3. The placenta, or "organ of pregnancy,": A. is an organ always present in the female uterus. B. is the organ in which the fetus will develop. C. secretes hormones necessary for fetal survival. D. becomes thick and engorged with blood at the time of fertilization. ______ 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the umbilical cord? A. If it is found to be around the baby's neck at the time of delivery, it must immediately be clamped and cut. B. It is a flexible, rope-like structure, usually several feet in length. C. It circulates amniotic fluid through the uterus. D. It contains two arteries and one vein. ______ 5. When a pregnant patient advises you that her "water has broken," she means: A. contractions have begun. B. the mucus plug has been expelled. C. the membranes have ruptured. D. she is experiencing vaginal bleeding. ______ 6. The most significant pregnancy-related changes occur in the uterus. These changes include: A. an increase in weight of the uterus to approximately 2 pounds. B. an increase in the vascular system of the uterus to about one-fourth of the mother's total blood volume. C. the development of a layer of mucus on the lining of the uterus. D. an increase in the capacity of the uterus to nearly a liter of fluid.
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______ 7. When maternal blood volume increases, pregnant women receive supplemental iron to prevent anemia. This is because: A. the mother's red blood cells do not carry as much oxygen as they did prior to the pregnancy. B. there is a decrease in the number of the mother's red blood cells because they are now shared with the fetus. C. although both red blood cells and plasma increase, there is slightly more plasma. D.
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