Test 1 Review - 1 Macronutrients provide energy...

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1. Macronutrients - provide energy: carbohydrate(4 kcal, starch, sugar, fiber), protein(4 kcal), lipid(9 kcal, cholesterol, saturated fat, unsaturated fat) 2. Micronutrients - provide NO energy BUT necessary for proper functioning of the body: vitamin, minerals, water 3. RDA : Recommended Dietary Allowances- Nutrients intakes that are estimated to meet the needs of almost all people in a specific groups 4. Process of Digestion, Absorption, Elimination A. M outh- P harynx- S alivary gland- E sophagus- L iver- S tomach- P ancreas- G allbladder- S mall I ntestine- L arge I ntestine- A nus B. Pancreas : produce enzyme- digest protein, carbohydrate, lipid(fat) C. Gallbladder : store and releases Bile into Small Intestine D. Small Intestine : absorb nutrients into blood or lymph, most digestion occur E. Large Intestine : absorb water, some vitamins, minerals 5. DRI - D ietary R eference I ntake A. RDAs (Recommended Dietary Allowances): The original dietary standard, Nutrients intakes that are estimated to meet the needs of almost all people in a specific groups, different genders and ages
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