HST122-test1 - I Factors of crisis(depreciation 1893 A...

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I. Factors of crisis (depreciation 1893) A. Urbanization 1. Definition: more and more people move into the city 2. Pace of change: very fast 3. Where did they come from? B. Immigration 1. Wave of immigration necessary for industrialization 2. “new immigrants” – from southeastern Europe, not North west 3. Result of immigration: tension to American C. Transportation 1. Railroads united the country D. Industrialization 1. Description: rapid change affected social, economic, and political life in American 2. Scientific advances (Invention) a. World’s Columbian Exposition b. Thomas Edison - Menlo Park - Light Bulb, 1879 c. George Westinghouse: inventing railroad air break, typewriter 3. Problems of industrialization a. Packing town compared to Hyde Park - Duty street, pollution, high death rate, high TB rate b. Point: industrialization brought progress and problems, Crisis of the 1890’s E. Settlement of west: 3 frontiers 1. Mining bonanza a. Gold and silver rushes (west to east) b. Methods - Placer mining: old west, surface, easy stuff, individuals - Course mining: equipment c. Some towns disappeared after frontier 2. Ranching frontier (south to north) a. From San Antonio to North b. Long drives c. Open-Range Ranching: free d. The End of the Bonanza - Not protected from weather - Bleeding - Farmer came out - Winter disaster - Price drop
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Farming frontier a. Homestead Act, 1862: free land from gov. (160acres – any citizen or prospective citizen who settled on the land for 5 years) b. Problems - Not enough space because of dry weather - Environmental (insect, fire, desert storm) - Material of built, isolation, farmer c. Solutions - More land - Built frame house - Dry farming technique, new farm machine, bob wire - Railroad was main way to people got to farm F. End of Reconstruction 1. Reconstruction: reconstruct union/ United States 2. Questions in time: forgive for South or not, and rights for slave voting 3. Lincoln’s Ten Percent plan: forgiveness for South 4. Radical Republicans: punish South, slaves have right to vote a. After Lincoln got assassinated, they got the power and federal troops went to South for reconstruction 5. 14 th Amendment: citizenship right 6. 15 th Amendment: right to vote 7. Liberal Republicans, 1872: they supported Democrat 8. The Redeemers: they hated Republicans control Southern States 9. Civil Right Bill, 1872 (Act, 1875): segregation between white and black 10. Compromise, 1877: election of Hayes v. Tilden (1876) a. Hayes elected b. New policy (home rule): leave South alone, federal troops taken out of south G. Social Darwinism 1. Argued that all progress in human came as the result of competition and natural selection II. The Crisis A. Big Business (Monopoly Capital) 1. Over-production, strike, labor-unrest, regulation, economic cycle/concern 2. Growth in business a. New management techniques - Professional managers (Andrew Carnegies) - New Methods – cost accounting (borrow from railroad technique) - Scientific management: Frederick Taylor and Taylorism (time and motion
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HST122-test1 - I Factors of crisis(depreciation 1893 A...

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