HST122-test3 - Video I. Emmelt Till murder A. Two white men...

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Video I. Emmelt Till murder A. Two white men killed black boy; found not guilty B. They had to prove they are superior C. Mose wright: uncle of Till II. Montgomery Bus Boycott A. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the bus B. Then she arrested by police C. MLK tried to do Bus Boycott: almost one year D. Role of the churches The Cold war abroad I. Definition and background A. Set of antagonistic relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. short of all out war B. Both sides were responsible and viewed each other with suspicion 1. POV U.S.: soviet leave war early; Soviet signed with Hitler 1939 2. POV Soviet: U.S. tried to stop revolution; U.S. didn’t recognize Soviet II. Wartime diplomacy A. Postwar: “One World (US) vs. Spheres of Influence (soviet) B. Yalta conference: FDR, Stalin, Churchill 1. Big 3 allies leaders (Feb 1945) 2. UN 3. Problem in boundary with Poland and Germany 4. Problem with Poland government 5. Problem with Germany split zone C. Potsdam conference: Truman, Stalin, Churchill 1. July 1945 2. Didn’t have major agreement 3. Truman was not good negotiator a. He worried about depression after war b. He didn’t want to compromise Stalin III. Developments in Asia A. China 1. Jiang Jieshi: democratic leader 2. Mao Tsedong: communist B. Japan: 1947 – rebuild economically IV. Developments in Europe A. Truman Doctrine, 1947 1. Main policy of U.S. next 40 years 2. Supported Greece for pro-western 3. Providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism 4. Supported Europe for pro-western B. Containment, 1947: adopted by Truman (George Kennan), U.S. tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances C. Marshall plan, 1948-1951 1. 16 European countries aid by humanitarian concern 2. Marshall who was secretary of state D. Berlin Airlift, 1948-49 1. Germany split 4 zones; then divided by two E. NATO: military alliance with U.S. and western Europe power F. National Security Act,1949 1. CIA: to gather information abroad and to engage in covert activities in support of nation’s security 2. Created Department of Defense: combined the leadership of army, navy, and air force
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3. National Security Council: to advise the president on strategic matters V. 1949 – a loss of confidence A. The soviets get the bomb B. China goes communist (Mao Tsedong) C. NSC-68 1. National Security Council memo #68 2. Strive for victory in cold war 3. Pressed for offensive and a gross increase in defense spending, determined US foreign policy for next 20~40 years The Great Fear (Communism) I. Introduction A. Much longer than 1 st red scare B. More psychological damage C. Both parties had responsible II. HUAC, 1947 A. The House Committee on Un-American Activities B. Ran by republican C. Investigated Communist influence inside and outside US gov. after WWII D. Goal: show that Democrat control had been long time E. Hollywood: black lists III. Truman’s Loyalty probes A. 1947, Federal employees loyalty programs
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HST122-test3 - Video I. Emmelt Till murder A. Two white men...

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