©2005 by Courtney McLain
Identify the following: Ch’in, Great Wall, Jade, tomb of Qinshihuang, silk, Silk Road,
elixirs, social ranks, royal color; invention: paper, printing, gun powder, Sun Tzu, 12
– Also spelt Qin. Where we get China – Was the dynasty founded and named after
Qinshihuang in 221 BC.
– Is the largest wall in the world. Built during Qinshihuang’s rule and can be seen
from space. Men who died while building the wall became part of the wall. The wall was built as
a line of fortifications extending about 1,500 miles across northern China. Built in the third
century B.C. by some 300,000 laborers (mainly criminals, conscript soldiers, and slaves), the wall
proved ineffective against invaders and is today a major tourist attraction.
– Is the stone of immortality. Some emperors at death were completely encased in jade suits
made of some 2,000 pieces of jade.
Tomb of Qinshihuang
– The tomb was very deep and solid and lined with stones. A vermilion
stone wall blocked off groundwater, making it waterproof. Inside the tomb were palaces and the
burial places of all the high officials of Qin. In order to prevent disclosure of secrets from the
tomb's interior, the door was closed on the builders and craftsmen as they completed their work
inside the tomb. Thousands of life-sized pottery figures of warriors and horses were buried in
battle array from 5 to 7 meters deep in the earth of the three pits. Each life-size warrior and horse
figurine was made individually.
– Is made from caterpillar cocoons. The cocoons were rinsed in hot water and the filaments
of thread were pulled out and garments made.
– The road stretched from China to the Middle East and was 4,000 miles long.
– Were popular in China. Taoists believed these elixirs made from herbs and metal
extracts could extend life. Some of them were fatal. It is believed that Tao Te Ching died of an
– Highest to lowest: Scholar/gentry, peasant, artisan and merchant. Note the rank of
– Yellow – only emperors could wear the royal color.
– Paper – about 100 AD; Printing – block printing about 850 AD and movable press
century; also invented ships with rudders, gun powder and the compass.
– Author of the Art of War. Significant line: “The general being capable and the ruler
not interfering is victory.”
12 year cycle
– Every year for 12 years is represented with an animal (rat, ox, tiger, rabbit,
dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, chicken, dog and pig). The cycle goes back to the Han
Dynasty – 206 BC to 220 AD.