HE100 - Lecture 3 - MEDICAL LANGUAGE ORIGINS: Etymology is...

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MEDICAL LANGUAGE ORIGINS: - Etymology is the study of word origins and derivations - Word analysis : etymology (ET-ah-MAWL-oh-jee) Eyto – means word origin Logy - means the study of - Many words have been taken or derived from other languages (e.g., English, Dutch etc) - Many medical words come from the ancient Latin or Greek language COMMUNICATION & MEDICAL LANGUAGE: - communication in any language consists of 5 special language skills - these same 5 language skills are critical in the communication of medical language listening reading thinking and analyzing speaking writing MEDICAL WORDS AND WORD PARTS: - medical language is composed of medical word s - each medical word is composed of word parts word parts are the building blocks of medical words - there are only 3 different kinds of word parts prefixes: an optional word beginning combining forms: the foundation of the word suffixes: the word ending PREFIXES: - a prefix can be a single letter or a group of letters - it is the word part that is placed at the beginning of the root word to modify its meaning - this is an optional word part when present, a prefix is always positioned at the beginning of a medical word COMBINGING FORM: - a combining form contains 2 part root contains the medical meaning is separated from the combing vowel by a forward slash (/) - combining vowel
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usually an o , occasionally an i appears at the end of the combining form - every medical word contains one or more combining form - a combining form is the first word part if there is no prefix in a medical word otherwise, the combining form is positioned in the middle of a medical word between the prefix and the suffix - a combining form always ends with a hyphen to show that it is a word part, not a complete word the hyphen is deleted when the combining form joins with a suffix e.g. cardi/o- root slash combining vowel hyphen CHARACTERISTICS OF A SUFFIX: - every medical word contains a suffix - a suffix is always positioned at he end of a medical word - a suffix can only attach to the end of a combining form - a suffix always begins with a hyphen to show that is a word part, not a complete word the hyphen is deleted when the suffix joins the rest of the medical word Medical word word part word part meaning Laryngitis suffix – itis the inflammation of Combining form laryng/o- larynx (voice box) Medical word definition inflammation of the larynx When you have laryngitis, you often lose your voice. - Follow these 3 simple rules to define a medical word that contains a prefix, combining form, and a suffix define each word part put the definitions of the word parts in order, beginning with the suffix, followed by the prefix, and then the combining form add the small connecting words to make a correct and complete definition **PRACTISE – need to memorize** HEALTH & SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS (SES) - socio-economic status – relative economic and social ranking
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course HEALTH 100 taught by Professor Macphee during the Fall '10 term at Wilfred Laurier University .

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HE100 - Lecture 3 - MEDICAL LANGUAGE ORIGINS: Etymology is...

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