HE100 - Lecture 7 - EATING DISORDERS - occur more...

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EATING DISORDERS - occur more frequently among teenage or young adult females (90%) men and boys -may be on the rise - activities where body and thinness are major focus - 70,000 people in Ontario - highest mortality rate of any mental illness - 15% of AN (anorexia nervosa) die from problems directly related to illness - physical signs of eating disorder irregularity/cessation of menstrual cycle extreme sensitivity to cold erratic sleeping habits thinning of hair/hair loss yellowish tone of skin – jaundice and liver problems swollen facial glands, sore throat, visible dental problems – from purging scarring/red abrasions on top of hands/knuckles – from putting finger down throat - attitudes and behaviour preoccupation with food rearranging food on plate/cutting excessively ritualistic habits/patterns with food (chicken can’t touch vegetables) preoccupied with what others think of them unrealistic perception of body shape intense fear of weight gain refusing to eat meals with anyone trips to bathroom directly after eating – either need to purge or have taken a laxative social withdrawal/resistance to change - emotional/personality changes: indecisiveness depression irritability anxiety moodiness extreme sensitivity to comments/criticism low self-esteem and self-loathing impulsive controlling poor concentration and judgment ANOREXIA NERVOSA - “lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat”
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- a psychological disease in which a person develops an aversion to food and a distorted body image – a mental disease with severe consequences to the body - a psychoneurotic disorder characterized by a prolonged refusal to eat, resulting in emaciation, amenorrhea, emotional disturbance concerning body image, and an abnormal fear of becoming obese (APA) – American Psychological Association - may result from poorly prepared or unattractive food or surroundings, unfavourable company, or various psychological causes - leads to a state of starvation and emaciation - usually begins in early teens predominantly females - often a high achiever/over achiever perfectionist -difficulty adapting to change - lack female shape body fat deposits are absent appear to have terminal disease veins clearly seen on arms and legs - may engage in: starvation or food restriction excessive exercise hoarding, concealing, picking at or crumbling food calorie counting use of excessive amounts of laxative, diuretics (water pills) and/or diet pills BULIMIA NERVOSA - an eating disorder involving recurrent episodes of binge-type eating followed by purging episodes of binge eating -rapid consumption of large amount of food in short time -followed by self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives and diuretics -dieting, fasting, excessive physical activity in order to prevent weight gain - much more common and difficult to spot - intense feelings of being out of control
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HE100 - Lecture 7 - EATING DISORDERS - occur more...

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