HE100 - Lecture 10 - HOMELESSNESS sleeping in indoor or...

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HOMELESSNESS - sleeping in indoor or outdoor public places and/or emergency shelters - living in illegal or temporary accommodation and/or replying on friends and acquaintances for shelter - living in housing that is considered unsafe, unhealthy, unaffordable, overcrowded, or insecure - homelessness has emerged from shrouded alleys to a position of prominence -not confined to poorest countries - growth in both absolute homelessness and relative homelessness has occurred in urban and non-urban areas - United Nations (1987) established a distinction between -absolute homelessness -relative homelessness - Absolute homelessness (NO HOME AT ALL) -people living on the street and victims of disaster with no homes at all; complete absence of shelter -those with no fixed address including: people living on the streets those using shelters, and in the case of young children, those provided with shelter in conditions bearing little resemblance to a home, often referred to as welfare motels - Relative homelessness -people housed in dwellings that fail to meet basic 5 standards set out by the United Nations: adequately protect occupants from the elements – eg. Plastic windows stapled on be provided with safe water and sanitation provide for secure tenure and personal safety – have locks on doors and windows lie within easy reach of employment, education and health care – not within easy reach be affordable - Canadian Distinctions: -chronic homelessness (long stays for lots of years) 20 to 40% of those using emergency shelters/hostels (on a regular basis) socially marginal people (psychiatric conditions, substance abuse) many repeat stays in shelters over the course of a person’s life -periodic homelessness/episodic leave home as a result of a crisis: domestic violence/abuse…may return home more frequent shelter use with episodes lasting from a few months to a year -temporary homelessness/transitional lose shelter because of fire or flood, hospitalization, unemployment, eviction or foreclosure brief one-time stay at a shelter WHO IS HOMELESS?
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- Characteristics of the “stereotypic” homeless person: -single -alcoholic and/or drug-using -male - Note: policy and program response to homelessness reflects this outdated view - All ages, gender, sexual orientation, race or class - Different socio-economic, educational, ethnic and familial backgrounds - Diverse medical histories - Homeless Canadians include: -increasing numbers of women -increasing numbers of children -people marginalized from housing markets -increasing numbers of other groups in special circumstances adolescents persons with mental illness Aboriginal people WHY DO PEOPLE BECOME HOMELESS? -
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HE100 - Lecture 10 - HOMELESSNESS sleeping in indoor or...

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