September 13, 2010 - PS 101 - Chapter 1 The Evolution of...

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PS 101 - Chapter 1 The Evolution of Psychology -prior to 1879 there there was no such thing as psychology. Scholars studied the human mind and the body. - G. Stanley Hall - developed theories on adolescents. - Structuralism vs. functionalism - Most historians chose functionalism as the better theory. - Behaviourism (John B. Watson) -psychology = scientific study of behaviour -behaviour = overt or observable responses -nurture, not nature. (Emphasizes the environment) -Stimulus Response psychology Sigmund Freud and the Concept of the Unconscious Mind -(1856-1939) Austria -Founded psychoanalytic school of thought -Emphasized the unconscious process that influences behaviour -Freud proposed that unconscious conflict related to sexuality plays a central role in behaviour (Women date men that resemble their father) -This theory has been dismissed in today’s society. -Freud had a significant influence on the field of psychology. Behaviourism Revisited by B.F Skinner -(1904-1990) United States -Environmental factors determine behaviour -responses that lead to positive outcomes ARE repeated! -responses that lead to negative outcomes ARE NOT repeated!
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Eibach during the Fall '11 term at Wilfred Laurier University .

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September 13, 2010 - PS 101 - Chapter 1 The Evolution of...

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