L1+Intro+to+Computer - Topic 1 Introduction to Computer The...

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Topic 1 Introduction to Computer
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 2 The Computer Revolution ± Progress in computer technology ± Moore’s Law ± Makes novel applications feasible ± Computers in automobiles ± Cell phones ± Biomedical project ± World Wide Web ± Security ± Computers are pervasive
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 3 Classes of Computers ± Desktop computers ± General purpose, variety of software ± Subject to cost/performance tradeoff ± Server computers ± Network based ± High capacity, performance, reliability ± Range from small servers to building sized ± Embedded computers ± Hidden as components of systems ± Subject to power/performance/cost constraints
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 4 What You Will Learn ± MIPS assembly language ± Correspondence between assembly language and machine code ± How the hardware executes software ± The hardware/software interface ± Designs of processors and tradeoffs ± Single cycle ± Pipelined ± What determines program performance ± What is parallelism in computer architecture ± Other components in computer architecture
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 5 Where can we find Computers ± “Desk top”, “Lap top”, “palm”, … ± Automotive ± Automatic Ignition Systems, Cruise, ABS, traction control, airbag release system… ± Consumer Electronics ± TV, PDA, appliances, toys, cell phones, camera … ± Industrial Control ± robotics, control systems … ± Medical ± Infusion Pumps, Dialysis Machines, Prosthetic Devices, Cardiac Monitors, … ± Networking ± wired and wireless routers, hubs, … ± Office Automation ± fax, photocopiers, printers, scanners, … ± Aerospace applications ± Flight-control systems, engine controllers, auto-pilots and passenger in-flight entertainment systems… ± Defense systems ± Radar systems, fighter aircraft flight-control systems, radio systems, and missile guidance systems…
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 6 Product: Hunter Programmable Digital Thermostat. Microprocessor: 4-bit by Daniel W. Lewis
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 7 Product:Vendo V- MAX 720 vending machine. Microprocessor: 8-bit Motorola 68HC11. by Daniel W. Lewis
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 8 Product: Sonicare Plus toothbrush. Microprocessor: 8-bit Zilog Z8. by Daniel W. Lewis
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Chapter 1 — Computer Abstractions and Technology — 9 Product: Miele dishwashers. Microprocessor: 8-bit Motorola 68HC05. by Daniel W. Lewis
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Product: NASA's Mars Sojourner Rover. Microprocessor: 8-bit Intel 80C85. by Daniel W. Lewis
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course EE 270/370 taught by Professor Gangzheng during the Fall '11 term at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

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L1+Intro+to+Computer - Topic 1 Introduction to Computer The...

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