UCB+Lecture+2+SLIDES+Sinno+2 - American Muslims in Elected...

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    asinno@indiana.edu       www.sinno.com    Abdulkader H. Sinno Indiana University American Muslims in Elected Office : Glass ceilings and opportunities 
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Outline v Why is effective Western Muslim representation important? v What does it require? v How am I researching this topic? v Muslim minority representation in comparative context v Who is biased against Muslim candidates for elected office in  the United States?  v Do Americans under-report their bias? v Why are they biased? v How do American biases against Muslims translate into voting  behavior in real elections?
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The state of Western Muslim representation v Some 109 Muslims have served in Western parliaments and hundreds  more have served on city councils and state legislatures so far but their  rates of representation are quite uneven.   v Currently, 61 Muslims serve in Western national parliaments, out of a  total of 8,815 parliamentarians in the 21 Western countries where  Muslims number more than one half of one percent of the population.   v A ratio of 0.7% or less than a fourth of the proportion of Muslims in  these countries (24 out of 740 million or 3%).   v They serve in seventeen chambers. v Forty-five percent of Muslim parliamentarians are women, a much  higher proportion than the overall ratio of women in OSCE  legislatures (19.6%).
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How do I research Muslim representation? v Original datasets  (21 countries) to understand the broad  country-level correlates of the numbers of Muslim  representatives v Surveys  (4 countries) to gauge expressed attitudes towards  Muslim elected officials and their correlates v Experiments  (4 countries)  to gauge what motivates these  attitudes and the degree of concealment in surveys v Interviews and field research  (7 countries) to understand the  effect of political institutions and interest groups on the  effectiveness and quality of representation, the role of  intersectionality (Muslim heritage/faith with gender and  ethnicity), and the image projected by the candidate    4 Abdulkader H. Sinno –  American Muslims in Elected Office
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5 Abdulkader H. Sinno –  American Muslims in Elected Office The problem in the US A large number of Americans are less likely to vote for a  candidate just because s/he is Muslim (30-60% depending on  survey and wording) A hegemonic discourse mostly ignores Muslims’ interests and  sensitivities Voters punish representatives who show sensitivity to Muslims’  interests Politicians and interest groups cultivate and leverage anti-Muslim  attitudes for electoral, policy and economic gains
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Abdulkader H. Sinno –  American Muslims in Elected Office
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UCB+Lecture+2+SLIDES+Sinno+2 - American Muslims in Elected...

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