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09-Operant2 - • Resurgence • Generalization •...

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Operant Conditioning, Part 2 Comparing classical and operant conditioning Basic principles of operant conditioning B. F. Skinner’s approach Determinism Emphasis on environment Radical behaviorism Research strategy Free operant Three-term contingency Other concepts Primary and conditioned reinforcers Response chains
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Comparing Classical and Operant Conditioning Type of behaviors Procedure Control of events Classical conditioning “involuntary,” reflexive Pairing of 2 stimuli Learner has no control of CS or US Operant conditioning “voluntary” Pairing of response and reinforcer Learner controls reinforcer by making the response
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Basic Principles of Operant Conditioning Acquisition Extinction Spontaneous recovery
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Unformatted text preview: • Resurgence • Generalization • Discrimination • Effects of Delay • Acquisition • Extinction • Spontaneous recovery • Resurgence • Generalization • Discrimination • Effects of Delay B. F. Skinner’s Approach • Determinism • Emphasis on environment • Radical behaviorism – Thoughts are responses, not stimuli – An application: thought-stopping • Research strategy • Free operant • Three-term contingency Three-Term Contingency discriminative stimulus response reinforcer S D R S R Antecedent Behavior Consequences A B C Other Concepts • Primary and conditioned reinforcers • Response chains...
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