chapter14 - Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 What’s It For? Psychological Disorders Conceptualizing abnormality Classifying psychological disorders Understanding psychological disorders
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 Conceptualizing Abnormality: Learning Goals Evaluate the various criteria that have been used to define abnormality Discuss the legal definition of insanity Explain how the medical model classifies and categorizes abnormality Discuss the effects of diagnostic labeling
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 Characteristics of Abnormal Behavior Behavior must fit at least several of the following criteria to be labeled abnormal: Statistical deviance Cultural deviance Emotional distress Dysfunction “Abnormal” behavior not a rigid category
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 The Concept of Insanity Insanity: A legal term defined as inability to understand that certain actions are wrong at the time of a crime Under this definition, people with disorders may be judged legally sane Famous cases in which the insanity defense succeeded: John Hinckley Jr., Jeffrey Dahmer Used in < 1% of criminal felony cases
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 Abnormality as a Disease: The Medical Model View that abnormal behavior is symptomatic of underlying “disease” that can be “cured” with appropriate therapy Draws an analogy between mental and physical illness A widely held view, but some question it Causes of mental illness often unclear Social, cultural context of symptoms is important, more so than for physical illness
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Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 14 Problems Associated with Labeling Diagnostic labeling effects: Labels for psychological problems can become self- fulfilling prophecies Make it difficult to recognize normal behavior when it occurs May increase likelihood of abnormal behavior Rosenhan (1973): Participants faked disorders to enter psychiatric ward Other patients saw through the deception, but staff did not
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Chapter 14 Classifying Psychological Disorders: Learning Goals Describe the DSM-IV-TR Describe the common anxiety disorders Describe the somatoform disorders Describe the common dissociative disorders Describe the common mood disorders
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor X during the Spring '11 term at Fairfield.

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chapter14 - Psychology, Fourth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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