CLASSIC%20BEHAVIORAL%20THEORY

CLASSIC%20BEHAVIORAL%20THEORY - CLASSIC BEHAVIORAL THEORY...

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CLASSIC BEHAVIORAL THEORY
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OPERANT THEORY Thorndike’s Law of Effect (1905) Responses followed by satisfaction more likely to occur again Responses followed by annoying state less likely to occur again Hedonism: behaviors guided by the pleasure-pain principle Skinner (1953): Operant conditioning Expanded on Thorndike All behaviors are motivated by external consequences
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OPERANT THEORY Extrinsic motivation: engaging in an activity to obtain an outcome distinct from the activity itself obtaining pleasure from an activity avoiding discomfort associated with an activity receiving tangible reinforcement In the S-R , we are motivated to perform the R because the outcome associated with it has strengthened the S-R
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HULL’S DRIVE THEORY Limitations of S-R theory (according to Hull): For prior S-R associations to be displayed, there must be an unsatisfied need e.g., if animals are satiated, they don’t elicit response to a stimulus where there was a prior learned S-R association (because there is no need) S-R links provided the direction but not the energy for action
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Mechanistic and mathematical explanation based only on S-R external consequences not important drive energizes the organism toward a response Goal of behavior: maintain homeostasis (equilibrium) maintaining a stable internal state a regulatory system has a set point to maintain a stable physiological state
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CLASSIC%20BEHAVIORAL%20THEORY - CLASSIC BEHAVIORAL THEORY...

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