Theories of Motivation

Theories of Motivation - Theories of Motivation Motivation...

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Theories of Motivation
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Motivation Factors within and outside an organism that cause it to behave a certain way at a certain time   Biological, emotional, cognitive, or  social forces that activate and direct  behavior.   Play “What is Motivation?” (4:09) Segment #18 from Psychology: The Human Experience.
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Three Basic Characteristics  of  Motivation Activation  is demonstrated by the  initiation or production of behavior. Persistence  is demonstrated by  continued efforts or the determination  to achieve a particular goal, often in  the face of obstacles. Intensity  is seen in the greater vigor of  responding that usually accompanies  motivated behavior
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Theories of Motivation Instinct—motives are innate Drive—biological needs as motivation Incentive—extrinsic things push or pull behavior Arousal—people are motivated to maintain optimum level of arousal Humanistic—hierarchy of needs Competence - demonstrating competence and  exercising control in a situation Achievement – directed toward excelling, succeeding,  or outperforming others at some task Self-Determination – Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation
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Historic Explanations: Instincts
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Instinct Theory Emerging in the late 1800s,  instinct theories   contended that certain human behaviors are  innate and due to evolutionary programming A complex, inherited, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species • Animals display automatic and instinctual behavior  patterns called  fixed action patterns William James listed 37 instincts. Instinct theories merely describe and label behaviors rather than actually explaining them.
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James’ Instincts
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Historic Explanations: Drives
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Drives Beginning in the 1920s Organism feels tension created by imbalances “Pushes” an organism to restore the balance, typically reducing the drive and restoring homeostasis Part of drive-reduction theory
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Drive-Reduction Theory The idea that a physiological need creates
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor X during the Spring '11 term at Fairfield.

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Theories of Motivation - Theories of Motivation Motivation...

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