Motivationtheories - satisfaction effort and performance...

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COMPARISON OF CONTENT THEORIES OF MOTIVATION Maslow Self-Actualization Highest need level. Involves an individual's desire to realize full potential. Can be satisfied without this level. Esteem Self-esteem Need for personal sense of accomplishment, mastery. Social-esteem Need for respect, recognition, attention, and appreciation of others Social Need for love, affection, sense of belonging in one's relationship Dealings with friends, family, and colleagues falls in here. Safety and Security Relationships need for security in relationships Physical need for security, protection from future threats, and stability. Physiological Basic needs: food, water, etc. ERG Growth Desire for continued personal growth and development Relatedness Desire to satisfy interpersonal relationships Existence Desire for physiological and material well-being Herzberg Motivation Factors Improving factors leads to
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Unformatted text preview: satisfaction, effort, and performance. – Related to job content; what employees actually do. – Factors: (1) achievement (2) recognition (3) work itself (4) responsibility (5) advancement (6) growth Hygiene Factors – Improving factors prevents dissatisfaction. – Related to job environment more than nature of work itself. – Factors: (1) policies and procedures (2) supervision (3) relations with supervisor (4) work conditions (5) salary (6) relations with peers (7) personal life (8) relations with subordinates (9) status (10) security McClelland Need for Achievement – a drive to pursue and attain goals – accomplishment is important for its own sake Need for Competence – a desire to do quality work – want to develop skills Need for Power – desire to influence others – desire recognition of others Need for Affiliation – a drive to relate to people effectively – desire for close relationships...
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor X during the Spring '11 term at Fairfield.

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