Punic Wars

Punic Wars - 9/13 Punic Wars Named for Phoenician = Greek,...

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9/13 Punic Wars Named for Phoenician = Greek, Phoinix = Latin, Poenus or Punus Carthage owned North Africa, Southwest Spain, and various islands between the two Carthage – destined to be a big naval power because of major harbor No conflict between Carthage and Rome until Rome took over Southern territories First Punic War (264-241 BC) Began in Sicily (Main city = Syracuse) Messana and Syracuse begin conflict, Syracuse besieged Messana. Messana got scared, called on Rome for help. (Roman citizens were against involvement, Roman Consuls wanted military status.) Syracuse called in Carthage. Romans became motivated to take over Sicily (More mouths to feed, Sicily has great farm land.) Problem: Romans needed to develop a Navy as Carthage had a great Navy. Romans “copied” a Carthaginian warship (Quinquereme) to get a start. The ships were mass produced, but Romans are terrible sailors. They developed a Corvus (or “crow”) which effectively turned a sea battle into a land battle. The corvus was a “plank” that went down onto enemy ships and let the Romans cross onto enemy ships. They had a
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2011 for the course CLAS 210 taught by Professor Venessagorman during the Fall '10 term at UNL.

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Punic Wars - 9/13 Punic Wars Named for Phoenician = Greek,...

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