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10-4 (Tue) - Marius and Sulla Roman Patronage Patron/client...

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Marius and Sulla Roman Patronage: Patron/client relationships 1. Can be a former master to a freed man 2. Terminology a. Patronus – patron b. Cliens – Client c. Beneficium – favor, benefit d. Officium – Duty, obligation e. Auctoritas – Authority, influence Gaius Marius 1. “New Man” backed by Metelli family 2. Elected Quaestor in 123 3. Tribune of the Plebs in 119 a. Annoyed the Metelli family by narrowing the voting ramp 4. Failed Aedileship in 117 5. Praetor 115 a. Barely made it into office, was last man picked b. Fought in Roman army in Spain 6. Married Julia 111 (family was descended from Venus) 7. *Jugurtha a. Inherited 1/3 of kingdom from Uncle b. Massacred Roman knights, was called to Rome to explain, bought off jury c. War was declared in 111BC 8. C. Caecilius Metellus, proconsul 109-107 (General) 9. Marius wanted to run for consul, Metellus wouldn’t let him 10. Marius was finally released with only a few days left, won consul in 107 11. Built army from poor who had no place in society a.
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