This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Abbreviations Commonly Found in Academic Research Below is a list of abbreviations you may encounter in scholarly journals or other documents in your aca- demic research. Many of these abbreviations are not used in APA style; however, some are required in APA reference models. Abbreviaton Meaning abbr. abbreviated, abbreviaTon abr. abridged AD; A.D. From LaTn anno Domini meaning “in the year of the Lord”; used to indicate years numbered from the supposed year of the birth of Christ. Precedes the number with no space between le¡ers (e.g., AD 640 or A.D. 640) ad loc. From LaTn ad locum meaning “at the place” anon. anonymous app. appendix arr. arranged, arranger art.; arts. arTcle; arTcles b. born BC; B.C. before Christ; in some publicaTons, the abbreviaTon BCE (before the common era) is used instead of BC; follows number with no space between le¡ers (e.g., 640 BC or 640 B.C.) bibl. From LaTn bibliotheca meaning “library” bibliog. bibliography, bibliographer, bibliographical biog. biography bk. (bks.) book (books) c. copyright c. or ca. From LaTn circa meaning “around”; usually used when the exact date is not known (e.g., ¢he EgypTan pharaoh ¢utankhamun ruled c. 1333 B.C.) cf. compare; APA uses cf. only to contrast; to compare like things, use “see” or “see also” ch. (chaps.) chapter (chapters) col. column or colored (used to describe illustraTons in the text) colloq. colloquial, colloquially, colloquialism Abbreviaton Meaning comp. compiled by con. contra, against cont. conTnued copr. copyright d. died diss. dissertaTon ed. ediTon Ed. (Eds.) Editor (Editors) e.g., From LaTn exempli grata meaning “for example”; always put a comma a¡er enl. enlarged; used when material has been added to a previous ediTon esp. especially (e.g., pp. 210–215, esp. 212) et al. From LaTn eT alii meaning “and others”; use only if there are two addiTonal people because it is a plural phrase etc. From LaTn eT ceTera meaning “and so forth” et seq. From LaTn eT sequens meaning “and the following” f.; ¢. Following; a single “f” indicates that one page follows; the designaTon “¢” indicates that more than one page follows e.g., (p. 6f.; pp.90¢.) £g. £gure fn. footnote front. fronTspiece (an illustraTon opposite the Ttle page) ibid. From LaTn ibidem meaning “in the same place”; used to refer to the work cited immediately preceding; noT used in APA style i.e., From LaTn id esT meaning “that is”: used to give speci£c clari£caTon; always put a comma a¡er illus. illustraTon, illustrator, illustrated by infra. below; similar to the phrase “See below”; refers to the porTon of text that follows intro. introducTon l. (ll.) line (lines) loc. cit. From LaTn loco ciTaTo meaning “in the place cited”; used for a second but nonconsecuTve reference to the exact materials; page numbers never follow loc. ciT. because they are unnecessary (e.g., Jones, loc....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course ENG 122 ENG 122 taught by Professor Jessicaheld during the Fall '10 term at Ashford University.
- Fall '10