ENG_122_Front_Matter - W R I T I N G C O L L E G E R E S E...

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Writing College Research Papers Kathy Sole ENG 122 A S H F O R D U N I V E R S I T Y Discovery Series
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Writing College Research Papers Kathy Sole Ashford University ®
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VP of Learning Resources: Beth Aguiar Editorial Director: Erik Evans Development Editor: Christina Ganim Assistant Editor: Jaime Anderson Printing Services: Bordeaux Composition/Illustration: Lachina Publishing Services Cover Design: Leigh McLellan Cover Image: © Tetra Images/photolibrary ISBN 10: 0-9841823-7-3 ISBN 13: 978-0-9841823-7-4 Published by Bridgepoint Education, Inc., 13500 Evening Creek Drive North, Suite 600, San Diego, CA 92128. Copyright © 2010, Bridgepoint Education, Inc. All rights reserved. GRANT OF PERMISSION TO PRINT: Bridgepoint Education Inc., the copyright owner of this material, hereby grants the hold- er of this publication the right to print these materials for personal use. The holder of this material may print the materials herein for personal use only. Any print, reprint, reproduction or distribution of these materials for commercial use without the express written consent of Bridgepoint Education Inc. constitutes a violation of the Copyright Law of the United States of 1976 (P.L. 94-553). www.bridgepointeducation.com I content.ashford.edu ®
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Contents Acknowledgments ix About the Author xi Preface xiii Chapter 1 Introduction to Formal Research 1.1 What Is Formal Research? Definition Nature and Purpose Types of Scientific and Scholarly Research Basic versus Applied Research Primary versus Secondary Research Levels of Academic Research 1.2 Research and Critical Thinking What Is Critical Thinking? Critical Thinking Is Purposeful Critical Thinking Requires Interpretation Critical Thinking Involves Analysis Critical Thinking Entails Evaluation Critical Thinking Includes Developing Inferences Critical Thinking Requires Forming Conclusions Critical Thinking Involves Self-Assessment and Self-Correction The Importance of Critical Thinking 1.3 Other Benefits of Mastering Academic Research Note-Taking Strategies and Skills Paraphrasing and Synthesizing Skills Documentation Skills 1.4 The Treasure of Academic Research 1.5 Summary Chapter 2 The Language and Methods of Research 2.1 The Scientific Method Background on the Scientific Method Steps of the Scientific Method
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State the Research Problem Form a Hypothesis Test the Hypothesis Analyze the Data Draw Conclusions and Report the Research 2.2 Types of Primary Research Qualitative versus Quantitative Research Primary Research Methods Descriptive Research Correlational Research Experimental Research 2.3 The Structure of Primary Research Papers Title Page Abstract Introduction Review of the Literature Methods or Methodology Results Discussion or Conclusion Sources In-Text Citations Source Citations at the End of the Paper 2.4 Developing Your Own College Research Papers 2.5 Summary Chapter 3 The Research Process 3.1 Overview of the Research Process Staying on Track Balance Is Crucial 3.2 Strategies for Success A Time for Everything No Day Without Progress No Wasted Wait Time 3.3 Three Phases of the Research Process
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