SUPPLEMENT 10 - SUPPLEMENT 10: WORK MEASUREMENT TRUE/FALSE...

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SUPPLEMENT 10: WORK MEASUREMENT TRUE/FALSE 1. Two uses of labor standards are to determine the labor content of items produced and to determine staffing needs. True (Labor standards and work measurement, easy) 2. One use of labor standards is to determine what makes a fair day's work. True (Labor standards and work measurement, easy) 3. Labor standards based on historical experience are relatively inexpensive to obtain. True (Historical experience, easy) 4. Labor standards based on historical experience are the preferred method of choice. False (Historical experience, easy) 5. Standard time may be less than average observed time. True (Time studies, moderate) 6. The classical stopwatch study, or time study, was originally proposed by Western Electric's Hawthorne Commission in the 1920s. False (Time studies, moderate) 7. A time-study procedure involves timing a sample of worker's performance and using it to set a standard. True (Time studies, moderate) 8. The allowance factor that increases normal time to standard time compensates for inadequate worker training and lack of worker dexterity. False (Time studies, moderate) 9. Normal time is always less than the average observed time. False (Time studies, moderate) 10. Standard time is always greater than normal time, due to the inclusion of allowances for personal time, delay, and fatigue. True (Time studies, moderate) 11. Rest allowances can include amounts for the effects of lighting, heat and humidity, and noise. True (Time studies, moderate) 12. The rest allowances that convert normal time to standard time have three components: personal time allowances, delay allowances, and fatigue allowances. True (Time studies, moderate) 13. In constructing the standard time for a task, the elements that make up the task must use the same performance ratings factor. False (Time studies, moderate)
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14. If a manager conducting a time study needed an accuracy of ± 0.1 minutes, rather than ± 0.2 minutes, the adequate sample size would have to be twice as large. False (Time studies, moderate) 15. UPS may run the "tightest ship in the shipping business," but they got that high level of efficiency without time standards, because their contract with the Teamsters Union forbids them. False (Time studies, moderate) 16. A modern "stopwatch" study can be conducted using a special-purpose PDA, one which can digitally capture events, times, and other variables for later analysis on a spreadsheet. True (Time studies, moderate) {AACSB: Use of IT} 17. Work sampling and time studies are similar in that the analyst in both cases records the time taken by the worker to accomplish each step of the task. False (Time studies, and Work sampling, moderate) 18. A Therblig is a very small amount of time, one hundred-thousandth of an hour. False (Time studies, moderate)
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SUPPLEMENT 10 - SUPPLEMENT 10: WORK MEASUREMENT TRUE/FALSE...

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