Chapter 19 Flashcards

Chapter 19 Flashcards - Sheet1 America A Narrative History...

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Sheet1 Page 1 America: A Nar ative History - 8th Ed. - Chapter 19 Title Description Reference Henry W. GradyThe major prophet of the "New South" philosophy and editor of the Atlanta Constitution. New South The "New South" movement developed after the Civil War and centered on the belief that the South must abandon its single-minded preoccupation with agriculture and pursue industrial and commercial development. James BuchananSouthern industrialist behind the American Tobacco Company and Southern Power Company who made great advances in the businesses of tobacco and hydroelectric power. American TobacControl ed nine-tenths of the nation's cigaret e production in 1890 and about three-fourths of al tobacco production in 1904; broken up in 1911 for violating the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. sharecropping The practice of farmers working land owned by others in return for supplies and a share of the crop, general y about half. tenancy The practice of farmers, who might have their own mule, plow, and line of credit with the country store, working land owned by others in exchange for a larger share of the return than sharecroppers, commonly three-fourths of the cash crop and two-thirds of the subsistence crop. crop lien systemCountry merchants furnished supplies to smal farmers in return for liens (or mortgages) on their crops. Redeemers or BSouthern politicians who were col ectively known as Redeemers by their supporters, because they supposedly saved the South from Yankee domination after the Civil War and a purely rural economy, or Bourbons by their opponents, who believed they were reactionaries rather than progressives. convict leasing Southern states avoided expenses and generated revenues after the Civil War by leasing convicts, most of whom were black, as cheap labor to the railroads, mines, and lumber and turpentine camps. "Negrophobia" Resentment and bit erness towards blacks that swept across the South and much of the nation at the end of the century.
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Powers during the Summer '08 term at Lone Star College.

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