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Unit 5 Extra Credit Terms

Unit 5 Extra Credit Terms - Henry Grady Henry Grady was the...

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Henry Grady: Henry Grady was the editor of the Atlanta Constitution , in which he described his vision for what the New South should be. He proclaimed that in order to prosper, man would not be able to rely solely on slavery and agriculture, as they did in the Old South. Henry believed that the key to a transition from the aristocracy of the Old South to a democracy was to industrialize like the North. Furthermore, this is important to study because these thoughts were considered pretty radical for his time period (1880s), and as we see later most of them were eventually implemented. New South: The New South began to take place between 1880 and 1900. One of the major accomplishments as Henry Grady proposed, was a transition into a more industrialized society. One of the primary achievements for the New South was the growth of the textile industry, which involved a large increase in the number of cotton mills. Other industries also became more prominent such as the tobacco industry, which was initially made popular by Washington Duke and his sons. Lumbering also began to spring up in the New South as a result of a need for more housing. This is important to study because it paved the way for future industrial reforms and was the beginning of a new, more economically productive, era. Sharecropping: Sharecropping began to take its roots at the end of the 19 th century. As the prices for farm crops began to decline, both whites and blacks resorted to sharecropping. Under this method, people would offer to work for landowners in exchange for a piece of the crop and some needed supplies. This involved much of the deep South including states like Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana. It is important to study this term because as we would see later, this along with tenant farming caused a great deal of environmental damage. Farm Tenancy: Tenancy also began to take place in the 1890s. It was another very inefficient way of farming but because of the deflation in crop prices, it was sometimes the only options. It differed from sharecropping in the sense that tenant farmers often had their own equipment and would receive a greater portion of the crop. However, like sharecropping, it eventually led to nutrient deprived soil and had a big impact on the environment. This was largely because tenants didn’t care for the land as their own, and landowners were often not available to supervise their work. Thus, tenant farming is also important to remember because it contributed so much to the erosion of the rural South. Bourbon Redeemers: The New South started to take place during the late 1800s. Spurred on by the writings of Henry Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution , the people of the south began to see a dramatic change towards a more industrial era. The rise in big industries like the textile industry, coal production, and tobacco all gave rise to an increase in economic growth. However, not all of the New South was different than that of the old one. Tenant farming and sharecropping among
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